Mumbai’s Air Quality index (AQI) improved to 175 ‘moderate’, on Thursday 10 am, according to SAFAR. The report also stated that PM 2.5 and PM 10 concentrations in Mumbai were at 98 and 200 respectively. The current PM2.5 concentration in Mumbai is 6.5 times above the recommended limit given by the WHO 24 hrs air quality guidelines value.
The air quality of different areas in the city, and metropolitan region fluctuated between moderate and poor categories with Malad recording AQI of 249 slipping into ‘very poor’ category.
The city yet again attained ‘poor’ AQI of 215 during noon hours on Wednesday. It was worse than the national capital which, too, breathed ‘poor’ quality air with an AQI of 193. Although, it improved by the evening to moderate category of 197, but remained higher than that of Delhi.
The days in the city got colder because of the northerly winds blowing said the Indian Meteorological Department. The weather agency had forecasted a cold wave for parts of Maharashtra and said later that due to new weather system formation in Tamil Nadu, the temperatures may rise again.
The current temperature of the city is 25°C and the humidity percentage was recorded at 48%.
AQI of different areas in Mumbai
Colaba, Mumbai: 108 AQI · Moderate
Malad West, Mumbai: 249 AQI · Poor
Bandra Kurla Complex, Mumbai: 176 AQI · Poor
Sion, Mumbai AQI: 190 AQI · Poor
Pimpleshwar Mandir, Thane: 98 · Moderate
AQI of other metro cities
The air quality in Pune dipped amid cold wave to poor with an AQI of 158. Meanwhile, Chennai is seeing an AQI of 122. Hyderabad’s AQI was recorded to be 117 while Kolkata dipped to poor category from moderate with an AQI of 180. India’s Silicon Valley, Bengaluru recorded an AQI of 63 and Ahmedabad saw AQI of 104. Delhi’s AQI is ‘poor’ with the figure standing at 174 today.
Navi Mumbai: NMMC identifies four measles-affected areas
The Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) has identified four measles-affected areas in the city and the civic body will administer an additional dose of vaccinations between 6 months and 5 years of age. Juhu Gaon, CBD Belapur, Karave, Pawne have been declared as Measles affected areas and special attention is being paid there.
In Navi Mumbai, the number of measles cases seems limited due to continuous vaccination from the beginning. The impact of measles has been observed in 11 places in the municipal area and the impact has been controlled in 3 areas. Out of the remaining 8 areas, 4 areas in the civic Health Center namely Juhu Gaon, CBD Belapur, Karave, and Pawne have been declared as Measles affected.
“Vaccination is an effective measure for measles control and for that purpose, emphasis should be placed on vaccination in a more comprehensive manner and more focus should be given to measles-affected areas where measles patients are found,” said the municipal commissioner Rajesh Narvekar.
A special meeting of the NMMC Routine Immunization Task Force was held in view of the increasing incidence of measles in various cities. In the meeting, Dr Arun Katkar, special coordinator of the World Health Organization, gave information about measles disease, measures to be taken through schools, a meeting of the central committee and recommendations to eliminate measles-rubella.
Medical officer Dr Ratnaprabha Chavan gave detailed information about the status and measures regarding measles-rubella disease in the NMMC area.
According to the order of the Principal Secretary, Health Department, Government of Maharashtra, if a new case of measles is found in that area, 1 additional dose of measles-rubella vaccine has been advised to be given to children aged 9 months to 5 years. 1 additional dose was determined.
As winter sets in, special diet for UP zoo animals
As temperatures plummet in Uttar Pradesh, special arrangements are being made to protect animals and birds from biting cold in the Lucknow and Kanpur zoos.
Director of the Lucknow Zoo, V.K. Mishra, said that all enclosures had been covered with tarpaulin and plastic sheet to protect the inmates from cold winds.
Special care is being taken to protect the birds that are more susceptible to vagaries of the weather, he added.
The carnivore and deer enclosures have been equipped with para grass for better insulation of heat. Wooden planks have been installed on the floors in the enclosures of tigers, lions, leopards and other carnivores for the same purpose.
“Peanuts, groundnuts and mustard seeds have been incorporated in the diets of deer and vitamin and mineral content have been increased in the diets of all the animals,” said Utkarsh Shukla, deputy director of the zoo.
The birds are being given coarse grains like bajra, jawar, grams while cranes are being fed additional diet of fish. Birds are also being given seasonal fruits, vegetables and even bread.
“The monkeys, chimpanzees and other primates have been given blankets to keep them warm and are being given more eggs in their meals. We have hung up thick curtains in some of the birds’ enclosures so that they are not impacted by the cold breeze that blows at night,” he added.
“The birds have also had seasonal fruits incorporated in their diets. The giraffes are also being given seasonal fruits along with their diet of grass,” he said.
The serpentarium, which houses about 40-50 snakes at the moment, has been furnished with three heaters, and the temperature is kept between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius.
Shukla said that if the weather gets even colder then heaters would be installed in some of the carnivore, primate enclosures as well.
“We try to block the cross-ventilation, so that the cold waves do not harm the animals.”
The zoo also has a room set up as a critical care unit in case animals fall sick and require immediate medical attention. They also have firewood at hand, in order to light bonfires in case the temperature drops to sub-zero levels in the coming months.
The carnivorous animals are being given additional doses of vitamin A and D.
The bears are being served ‘kheer’ made with jaggery while chimpanzees and ostriches are being given boiled eggs. The chimpanzees are also relishing on fruits and are getting them in ample measure for their winter diet.
There are over 1,000 inmates in Lucknow Zoo and that includes about 500 birds. The Kanpur Zoo has about 1,250 inmates.
Mumbai: Technical snag at Andheri station, Western railway locals delayed by 15-20 minutes
A technical point failure at Andheri station has resulted into a delay in Western railway local trains by 15 to 20 minutes. The technical failure has caused delay to several commuters at peak hours on Tuesday morning.
The Divisional Railway Manager for Mumbai Division of Western Railway has tweeted on its Twitter handle informing the commuters about the said delay saying, “Due to technical failure at Andheri station all UP fast local trains are running 10-15 minutes late today (29.11.2022) Inconvenience caused is deeply regretted.”
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