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RBI warns against combination of high public debt, low interest rates

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Reserve-Bank-of-India

As economies around the world witness ultra-low interest rates and rising public debt amid the pandemic, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has said that the combination would pose challenges.

The pandemic response saw a tight interaction of monetary and fiscal policy. As monetary policy has sought to control a larger segment of the yield curve, the overlap with public debt management has grown, noted RBI’s Financial Stability Report for July.

It noted that with monetary policy committed to an easy stance for some time in many countries, the fiscal stance becomes important.

Too loose a fiscal stance could cause inflation surprises and financial conditions could tighten, it said, adding that a more constrained fiscal policy would add pressure on monetary policy.

“It would test the efficacy of further monetary expansion and could heighten intertemporal tradeoffs,” it said.

The extraordinary combination of high debt-to-GDP ratios and ultra-low interest rates raises three challenges, said the central bank’s report, with the first being the risk of fiscal dominance.

Further, it may also lead to a situation where fiscal positions may ultimately prove unsustainable and the complications of the possible joint “normalisation” of fiscal and monetary policies would also crop.

Growth-friendly fiscal policy, the RBI suggested, can help by effectively targeting public infrastructure and productivity.

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Zomato shares decline 9%, market cap falls below 1L cr

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Shares of online food aggregator Zomato declined 9 per cent intraday on Friday.

Analysts are linking the decline with unsupportive valuations. Over the past one-month period, Zomato shares fell nearly 18 per cent.

Listed in July 2021, Zomato shares are, however, up more than 50 per cent from its IPO issue price of Rs 76. On Friday’s closing, it was at Rs 114 per share.

“The costs have escalated due to the tax imposed on the aggregator, along with the fact that the lockdown is also not currently happening, which also appears to be a weakness,” said Ravi Singhal, Vice Chairman at GCL Securities.

With Friday’s losses, the company’s market capitalisation fell below the 1 lakh crore-mark, NSE data showed.

According to Ravi Singh, Vice President and Head of Research, Share India Securities: “The technical setup in Zomato stock is in bearish formation on intraday and daily which may drag the stock up to Rs 112-110 levels in the near term.

“The valuations of the company are also not supporting the growth. Zomato is facing tough competition from Swiggy in many ways, mainly having a thinner Metro restaurant network and density versus Swiggy. We recommend investors to maintain the sell position in the stock.”

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Decline in equities continue for 4th straight sessions

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The 30-scrip Sensitive Index (Sensex) and broader 50-scrip Nifty on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) extended their losses from the previous three consecutive sessions and declined on Friday.

At 10.25 a.m., Sensex traded at 58,593 points, down 0.9 per cent from the previous close of 59,464 points. It opened at 59,039 points.

Nifty traded at 17,599 points, down 0.9 per cent from the previous close of 17,757 points. It opened at 17,613 points.

Bajaj Finserv, Tech Mahindra, Coal India, Adani Ports, Bharti Airtel were some of the top losers, NSE data showed.

Top gainers during the early trade were Hindustan Unilever, Tata Consumers, Bajaj Auto, Hero MotoCorp, and Power Grid Corporation.

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Decline in equities continue for 4th straight sessions

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The 30-scrip Sensitive Index (Sensex) and broader 50-scrip Nifty on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) extended their losses from the previous three consecutive sessions and declined on Friday.

At 10.25 a.m., Sensex traded at 58,593 points, down 0.9 per cent from the previous close of 59,464 points. It opened at 59,039 points.

Nifty traded at 17,599 points, down 0.9 per cent from the previous close of 17,757 points. It opened at 17,613 points.

Bajaj Finserv, Tech Mahindra, Coal India, Adani Ports, Bharti Airtel were some of the top losers, NSE data showed.

Top gainers during the early trade were Hindustan Unilever, Tata Consumers, Bajaj Auto, Hero MotoCorp, and Power Grid Corporation.

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